1938 German Jews

Night of Broken Glass
The 1938 pogrom ‘Kristallnacht’ in Germany

A dark chapter in German history: In the Night of Broken Glass (otherwise known as “Reichspogromnacht” or “Kristallnacht” in German) in the night from November 9 to November 10, 1938, synagogues all over Germany were set ablaze.
The day after Kristallnacht Jews were arrested and taken to the streets and sent to concentration camps, like here in Baden-Baden.

This is the reality in Germany in 1938.
Broken glass from shop windows litter the sidewalks: This is where the term Night of Broken Glass was coined from. Who exactly created the term, is unknown.

What triggered the night was the shooting of a German diplomat in Paris on November 7, 1938, by 17-year-old Polish-German Jew Herschel Grynszpan.

The Sturmabteilung, or SA (a paramilitary organization of the Nazi Party), had already begun badgering Jewish citizens in 1933.

They stuck posters on Jewish stores saying: “Germans! Defend yourselves! Do not buy from Jews!”.
In Linz in 1938 Jewish women were pilloried.

In all of Germany synagogues were burning. According to some statistics at least 1283 places of worship were destroyed.

On the morning of November 11 Jewish cemeteries, synagogues and homes were desolate.

Dead Sea Scrolls ‘Testimonia’

Testimonia

4QTestimonia (or Messianic Anthology, 4Q175 [4QTest])

Testimonia was found in Cave Four near the site of Khirbet Qumran near the shores of the Dead Sea in the early 1950’s. It is a short document, complete except for a piece missing in the lower right corner. The name “Testimonia” comes from an early type of Christian writing, which it resembles in literary style. The Christian Testimonia was a collection of verses from the Bible about the messiah, strung together to prove some kind of point. Verses used like this are usually called “proof-texts.” The Testimonia from Qumran is not a Christian document, but does resemble the early Christian Testimonia because of its use of a number of verses dealing with a theme.

The Qumran text includes five biblical quotations connected by interpretation. The first two quotations refer to the raising up of a prophet like Moses. The third quotation refers to a royal Messiah, the fourth to a priestly Messiah. The quotation from Joshua is connected to the coming of a time of great disaster, brought on by those dedicated to evil. The manuscript is usually dated to the middle of the first century B.C.E.

Photograph by Bruce and Kenneth Zuckerman, West Semitic Research, in collaboration with the Princeton Theological Seminary. Courtesy Department of Antiquities, Jordan.

Commentary by Marilyn J. Lundberg.

“the Book of the Decade”

Copernicus and the Jew…

The Separation of Church and Faith…..

On an Internet Forum is this insightful comment: “Daniel Gruber is one of the simplest explanations of how the faith of the original church was morphed by Greco-Roman theologians (Church Fathers) who were reading Latin translations made from Greek translations of Jewish people who were originally speaking Hebrew or Aramaic.”

The following is an edited outline/commentary of a presentation made in Destin, Florida on September 20, 2005 by Richard Woodall.